Ursprung der vipassana-nana

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Wolfgang Thies hat geschrieben:
Die Beschreibung der Vipassana-Nanas hat ihren Ursprung in der post-kanonischen Literatur, wie dem Vimuttimagga oder dem Visuddhimagga. (viewtopic.php?f=25&t=16013#p333865)


Das stimmt nicht. Die Einsichtswissen (vipassana-nana) werden bereits in der kanonischen Literatur beschrieben, u.a. im Patisambhidhamagga. Ich stimme mit Analayo überein, wenn er die vipassana-nana ihrem Sinn nach zurückführt auf die alten Lehrreden.

Ich verstehe die vipassana-nana als erweiterten Ausdruck eines typischen Schemas in den Lehrreden. Man kann das Schema einteilen in zwei Dreiergruppen oder in eine Sechsergruppe:

1. Vergänglichkeit (anicca),
2. Leidhaftigkeit (dukkha),
3. Nicht-ich (anatta) und dann
4. Überwindung (pahana)
5. Loslösung (viraga)
6. Erlöschen (nirodha).
Vipassanā
feminine inward vision, insight, intuition, introspection DN.iii.213, DN.iii.273; SN.iv.195, SN.iv.360; SN.v.52 (samatha +) AN.i.61 (id.), AN.i.95; AN.ii.140, AN.ii.157 (samatha +); AN.iv.360; AN.v.99, AN.v.131; Pts.i.28, Pts.i.57 sq., Pts.i.181; Pts.ii.92 sq.; Pp.25; Ja.i.106; Dhs.55, Dhs.1356; Ne.7, Ne.42 sq., Ne.50, Ne.82, Ne.88 sq., Ne.125 sq., Ne.160, Ne.191; Mil.16; Vism.2 (with jhāna etc.), Vism.289 (+ samādhi), Vism.628 sq. (the 18 mahā˚); Pv-a.14 (samāhita-citta˚), Pv-a.167; Vv-a.77; Sdhp.457, Sdhp.466.

-aṅga constituent of intuition Snp-a.8 (given as “nāmarūpa-pariccheda etc.”). -upekkhā indifference by introspection Vism.162. -kammaṭṭhāna exercise for intuition Dhp-a.iv.46. -ñāṇa ability or method of attaining insight Vism.629; Dhp-a.iv.30; cp. Cpd. 65 sq., where 10 such modes. -dhura obligation of introspection Dhp-a.i.8; Dhp-a.iv.37 sq.

fr. vi + passati; BSk. vipaśyanā, e.g. Divy.44, Divy.95, Divy.264 etc.

https://suttacentral.net/define/vipassan%C4%81

PTS Pali English Dictionary
Ñāṇa
neuter knowledge, intelligence insight, conviction, recognition, opp. añāṇa avijjā, lack of k. or ignorance.
Ñāṇa in the theory of cognition:
it occurs in intensive couple-compounds with terms of sight as cakkhu (eye) & dassana (sight, view) e.g. in cakkhu-karaṇa ñāṇa-karaṇa “opening our eyes & thus producing knowledge” i.e.
Scope and character of ñāṇa:
ñ. as faculty of understanding is included in paññā (cp. wisdom = perfected knowledge) The latter signifies the spiritual wisdom which embraces the fundamental truths of morality & conviction (such as aniccaṃ anattā dukkhaṃ: Mil.42); whereas ñ. is relative to common experience (see Cnd.235#3 under cakkhumā, & on rel. of p. & ñ. Pts.i.59 sq.; Pts.i.118 sq. Pts.ii.189 sq.)
■ Perception (saññā) is necessary to the forming of ñāṇa, it precedes it (DN.i.185); as sure knowledge ñ. is preferable to saddhā (SN.iv.298); at Vin.iii.91 the definition of ñ. is given with tisso vijjā (3 kinds of knowledge); they are specified at Cnd.266 as aṭṭhasamāpatti-ñāṇa (consisting in the 8 attainments, viz jhāna & its 4 succeeding developments), pañc’ abhiññā (the 5 higher knowledges, see paññā & abhi˚), micchā (false k. or heresy). Three degrees of k. are distinguished at DN-a.i.100, viz. sāvaka-pāramī-ñāṇa, paccekabuddha˚ sabbaññuta˚ (highest k. of a relig. student k. of a wise man, & omniscience). Four objects of k (as objects of truth or sammādiṭṭhi) are enumerated as dhamme ñāṇaṃ, anvaye ñ., paricchede ñ., sammuti ñ at DN.iii.226, DN.iii.277; other four as dukkhe ñ. (dukkha-samudaye ñ., nirodhe ñ., magge ñ. (i.e. the knowledge of the paṭicca-samuppāda) at DN.iii.227; Pts.i.118 Vb.235 (= sammādiṭṭhi). Right knowledge (or truth is contrasted with false k. (micchā-ñāṇa = micchādiṭṭhi): SN.v.384; MN.ii.29; AN.ii.222; AN.v.327; Vb.392.
Ñāṇa in application:
Vin.i.35; DN.ii.155 (opp pasāda); SN.i.129 (cittamhi susamāhite ñāṇamhi vuttamānamhi); SN.ii.60 (jātipaccayā jarāmaraṇan ti ñ.: see ñ-vatthu); AN.i.219 (on precedence of either samādhi or ñ.); Snp.378, Snp.789, Snp.987 (muddhani ñāṇaṃ tassa na vijjati), Snp.1078 (diṭṭhi, suti, ñ.: doctrine, revelation personal knowledge, i.e. intelligence; differently expl at Cnd.266), Cnd.1113; Pv.iii.5#1 (Sugatassa ñ. is asādhāraṇaṃ) Pts.i.194 sq.; Pts.ii.244; Vb.306 sq. (ñ-vibhanga), Vb.328 sq. (kammassakataṃ ñ.); Ne.15 sq.; Ne.161 (+ ñeyya), Ne.191 (id.)
ñāṇaṃ hoti or uppajjati knowledge comes to (him) i.e. to reason, to arrive at a conclusion (with iti = that…) SN.ii.124 = SN.iii.28 (uppajjati) DN.iii.278 (id.); AN.ii.211≈; AN.iv.75; AN.v.195; SN.iii.154. See also arahant ii.D
Var. attributes of ñ.: anuttariya AN.v.37; aparapaccayā (k. of the non-effect of causation through lack of cause) SN.ii.17, SN.ii.78; SN.iii.135 SN.v.179, SN.v.422 sq. (= sammādiṭṭhi), same as ahetu-ñāṇa SN.v.126; asādhāraṇa (incomparable, uncommon k. AN.iii.441; Pv-a.197; akuppa DN.iii.273; ariya AN.iii.451 pariyodāta SN.i.198; bhiyyosomatta SN.iii.112; yathā bhūtaṃ (proper, definite, right k.) (concerning kāya etc.) SN.v.144; AN.iii.420; AN.v.37
knowledge of about or concerning, consisting in or belonging to, is expressed either by loc. or-˚ (equal to subj. or obj. gen.)
with loc.: anuppāde ñ. DN.iii.214, DN.iii.274; anvaye DN.iii.226, DN.iii.277; kāye DN.iii.274; khaye DN.iii.214, DN.iii.220 (āsavānaṃ; cp. MN.i.23, MN.i.183, MN.i.348; MN.ii.38), DN.iii.275; SN.ii.30 Ne.15; cutûpapāte DN.iii.111, DN.iii.220; dukkhe (etc. DN.iii.227; SN.ii.4; SN.v.8, SN.v.430; dhamme DN.iii.226; SN.ii.58 nibbāne SN.ii.124 (cp. SN.iv.86)
as-˚: anāvaraṇa˚ DN-a.i.100; ariya SN.i.228; AN.iii.451; khanti Pts.i.106 jātissara Ja.i.167; cutûpapāta MN.i.22, MN.i.183, MN.i.347; MN.ii.38 etc.; ceto-pariya DN.iii.100, & ˚pariyāya SN.v.160 dibbacakkhu Pts.i.114; dhammaṭṭhiti SN.ii.60, SN.ii.124; Pts.i.50; nibbidā Pts.i.195; pubbe-nivāsânusati MN.i.22 MN.i.248, MN.i.347; MN.ii.38, etc.; Buddha˚ Cnd.235#3; Pts.i.133 Pts.ii.31, Pts.ii.195; DN-a.i.100; sabbaññuta Pts.i.131 sq.; DN-a.i.99 sq.; Pv-a.197; sekha SN.ii.43, SN.ii.58, SN.ii.80, & asekha SN.iii.83
aññāṇa wrong k., false view, ignorance untruth SN.i.181; SN.ii.92; SN.iii.258 sq.; SN.v.126; AN.ii.11; Snp.347, Snp.839; Pts.i.80; Pp.21; Dhs.390, Dhs.1061; see avijjā & micchādiṭṭhi.
-indriya the faculty of cognition or understanding Dhs.157; -ūpapanna endowed with k. Snp.1077 (= Cnd.266#b ˚upeta); -karaṇa (adj.) ■ ī (of majjhimā-paṭipadā) SN.iv.331; -cakkhu the eye of k Pv-a.166; -jāla the net of k., in phrase ñāṇajālassa anto paviṭṭha coming within the net, i.e. into the range of one’s intelligence or mental eye (clear sight) Dhp-a.i.26 Dhp-a.ii.37, Dhp-a.ii.58, Dhp-a.ii.96; Dhp-a.iii.171, Dhp-a.iii.193; Dhp-a.iv.61; Vv-a.63; -dassana “knowing and seeing,” “clear sight,” i.e. perfect knowledge; having a vision of truth, i.e. recognition of truth, philosophy, (right) theory of life, all-comprising knowledge. Defined as tisso vijjā (see above 2) at Vin.iv.26; fully discussed at DN-a.i.220, cp. also def. at Pts.ii.244
■ Vin.ii.178. (parisuddha˚; + ājīva, dhammadesanā veyyākaraṇa); Vin.iii.90 sq.; Vin.v.164, Vin.v.197; DN.i.76 ≈ (following after the jhānas as the first step of paññā, see paññā-sampadā); DN.iii.134, DN.iii.222 (˚paṭilābha), DN.iii.88 (˚visuddhi); MN.i.195 sq.; MN.i.202 sq., MN.i.482; MN.ii.9, MN.ii.31 Ne.17, Ne.18, Ne.28; see also vimutti˚; -dassin one who possesses perfect k. Snp.478; -patha the path of k. Snp.868; -phusanā experience, gaining of k. Dhp-a.i.230 -bandhu an associate or friend of k. Snp.911; -bhūta in comb” w. cakkhubhūta, having become seeing knowing, i.e. being wise SN.ii.255; SN.iv.94; AN.v.226 sq. -vatthūni (pl.) the objects or items of (right) knowledge which means k. of the paṭiccasamuppāda or causal connection of phenomena. As 44 (i.e. 4 × 11 all constituents except avijjā, in analogy to the 4 parts of the ariyasaccāni) SN.ii.56 sq., as 77 (7 × 11) SN.ii.59 sq. discussed in extenso at Vb.306–Vb.344 (called ñāṇavatthu); -vāda talk about (the attainment of supreme knowledge DN.iii.13 sq.; AN.v.42 sq.; -vippayutta disconnected with k. Dhs.147, Dhs.157, Dhs.270; -vimokkha emancipation through k. Pts.ii.36, Pts.ii.42; -visesa distinction of k., superior k. Pv-a.196; -sampayutta associated with k Dhs.1, Dhs.147, Dhs.157, etc.; Vb.169 sq., Vb.184, Vb.285 sq., Vb.414 sq.

from jānāti. See also jānana. *gené, as in Gr. γν ̈ω σις (cp. gnostic), γνώμη; Lat. (co)gnitio; Goth kunpi; Ogh. kunst; E. knowledge

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